sports injury treatmentIt’s important to understand the potential of injuries common to each sport, and to take the crucial steps to prevent them from happening. Avoiding common sport injuries is beyond our control, but many times sports injuries are preventable. The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) says that injury rates could be reduced if all athletes-professionals and amateurs- followed essential safety, conditioning, and preventive strategies.

Below are 6 common sports injuries:

  1. Ankle Injuries: Different factors can contribute to ankle sprain, such as jumping, running, stopping to change direction on hard surfaces and poor technique. It’s crucial to wear proper foot wear, and if necessary ankle injury brace in order to avoid sprain.
  2. Pulled Muscle: Pulled muscle occurs when a muscle is stretched beyond its capacity and the fiber tear, this is due to overuse, sudden unexpected movement, fall and fatigue.
  3. Lower Back Pain: Most lower back pain injuries are due to weak or tense muscles or muscle strain. Overloading the muscle may pull or tear muscle fibers, sending the back muscles into spasm and causing pain. Inactivity is also another common reason for back pain.
  4. Knee pain: The most common cause of knee pain is runner’s knee, known medically as chondromalacia. Knee injuries are often caused by improper technique, lack of conditioning and poor flexibility. To help prevent these injuries, it’s recommended for runners to avoid running too many miles to soon, train on grass, and do stretches after running. Proper running shoes are also crucial.
  5. Shoulder Pain: Rotator cuff tendonitis is a common cause of shoulder pain. If the shoulder joint is continuously stressed with the arm in an overhead position, the small rotator cuff muscles begin to stretch out; strengthening these muscles will help hold the shoulder firmly in place.
  6. Elbow Pain: Injuries to the elbow are caused by an inflammation of the muscles of the forearm and the tendon that connects the muscles to the bones in the elbow. When the muscles and tendon become inflamed from overuse, the pain is felt on the outside of the elbow.

Preventing 100% of all injuries is obviously impossible – however research suggest that injury rates could be reduced by 25% if everyone takes appropriate prevention action like the ones listed above.